Until the recent emergence of cloud computing, a company’s usual security approach was to choose a conventional software as a product (SaaP) malware scanning solution, which could be downloaded or, in the old days, mailed as a CD-Rom. They’d throw in a firewall at the network’s edge, and trust that such safeguards would keep their systems and data safe. Current world is a very different one, with risks strewn across the internet as hackers devise new methods for launching lucrative and sophisticated operations like ransomware.
The SOC keeps track of security data created across the IT structure of the company, from host systems and apps to networks and security features like firewalls and antivirus software. It is made up of a variety of technologies that allow technical safeguards keep track of security operations in the group’s IT infrastructure. These tools are used by security force team located in the Security Operations Center to identify, categorise, analyse, and eventually decide how to react to occurrences and incidents.
The software as a service (SaaS) software model is exemplified by a SOC, which works as a subscription service in the cloud. It adds a layer of hired knowledge to a firm’s cybersecurity strategy, which operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week to ensure that networks and endpoints are always watched. If a vulnerability or event is uncovered, the SOC will work with the on-site IT team to address the problem and figure out what caused it.
SOC cybersecurity suppliers offers a diverse range of goods and services. However, in order to offer value to a company, a SOC must execute a basic set of operational functions. We’ve dubbed them the “seven competences,” and we’ll go over them here one by one to make sure you get the best information in all aspects:
- Asset Survey: In order for a SOC to assist a company in being secure, it must first have a thorough grasp of the resources that need to be safeguarded. They might not be able to defend the entire network otherwise. All server, router, and firewall under company management, as well as every other active cybersecurity technologies, should be identified during an asset survey.
- Log collection: Data is the most crucial aspect of a SOC’s operation, and logs are the most valuable source of information on network activities. Direct feeds from enterprise applications should be set up by the SOC so that data may be collected in real time. Clearly, people are incapable of processing vast amounts of data, which is why log scanning technologies based on artificial intelligence algorithms are so useful for SOCs, even if they do have some fascinating side consequences that humanity is still working out.
- Preventative Maintenance: In the best situation, the SOC is able to avoid intrusions by being proactive with its operations. On a constant schedule, this includes applying security patches and changing firewall policies. Because some cyberattacks start as insider threats, a SOC must look for threats both within and outside the business.
- Continuous Monitoring: The SOC must be diligent in its monitoring techniques in order to be prepared to react to a cybersecurity issue. It can be the difference between stopping an attack and allowing it to take down a whole system or website in a matter of minutes. SOC software examines the company’s network for potential attacks as well as other suspicious behaviour to keep the data and information safely and prevent any malware to enter the system.
- Alert Management: Automated systems excel at identifying trends and following instructions in a very unique way. When it comes to reviewing automated warnings and evaluating them depending on their seriousness and significance, the human factor of a SOC proves its usefulness. SOC personnel must know how to respond to alerts and how to validate that they are real.
- Root Cause Analysis: The SOC’s job doesn’t end when an event happens and is resolved. Specialists in cybersecurity will investigate the root of the problem and determine why it actually occurred. This feeds into a cycle of continual improvement, with security features and policies being tweaked to avoid similar situations in the future and helps in keeping the work in order.
- Compliance Audits: Companies want to know that their systems and data are not just safe, but also that they are being managed legally. Regular checks of SOC providers’ conformity in the locations where they operate are required. What is the difference between a SOC statement and a SOC inspection? Anything that extracts data or records from an organization’s cybersecurity functions. What exactly is SOC 2? It’s a specific information privacy and security monitoring technique.